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Posted at November 7, 2020

1971. The bark is pale gray and is covered with prominent, warty protrusions. The forage value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS: Netleaf hackberry is susceptible to "witches broom" and various insect infestations [37,44,75]. Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Celtis laevigata Willd. Vol. Fruit appears in July and August, ripening into October. This seed is rich in protein and … The Trees of North America. Fruit and leaf structure. Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. Sugarberry is a native deciduous tree growing to 60 to 100 feet [18-30 m]. Seeds can pose clean up problems if trees are sited near sidewalks or patios, however. Sugarberry is frequently planted as a shade-tree within its range. Although the galls do not hurt these trees, they often significantly disfigure the leaves. Sugarberry is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 60-80’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. Sugarberry has good resistance to witches’ broom (dwarfed, dense, contorted twig clusters at the branch ends). The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. The fruit of this species was used as a food seasoning by Native Americans and early settlers. (occidentalis, laevigata) Abundance: plentiful What: berries How: raw, dried, preserves Where: moist, sunny areas When: fall when berries are red, orange, or purple Nutritional Value: calories, protein Ripe hackberry fruit. Garden Areas. Home Landscaping. A tree 60 to 80 ft high in its native country, with a trunk 6 to 9 ft in girth; young shoots soon glabrous. This tree is native to and widely distributed throughout the southeast and south central U.S. Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. In Missouri, it typically occurs in moist to wet soils along streams and floodplains mostly south of the Missouri River except for the Ozark region. Leaves are wider than Celtis laevigata and more serrated. Branches of sugarberry can be flailed to knock the fruits onto sheets of plastic or other suitable material spread under the trees. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss Description. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Yard & Garden . Ulmaceae -- Elm family. Scientific Name: Celtis laevigata Common Name: Sugar Hackberry, Southern or Mississippi Hackberry Environmental Conditions: Hardiness Zone: 6a (culitvars reportedly zone 5) Soil Moisture: occasionally saturated or very wet soil consistently moist, well drained soil occasional periods of dry soil prolonged periods of dry soil Habitat. The following information is for genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… Celtis laevigata-- Sugarberry Page 3 Other Figure 3. and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to purple and is relished by birds. reticulata (Torrey) L.D. 4. The fruit temporarily stains walks. The forage value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock. org/ articles/ celtis/ celtis-laevigata/). In the North and Midwest, the native Celtis occidentalis is used in place of Celtis laevigata. Leaves are wider than Celtis laevigata and more serrated. Sugarberry occurs primarily along streams and in moist soils on floodplains. (1987) p 55 Parts Shown: Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. Most or all leaves are lost by mid-December in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas . Native Plants of the Midwest. Sugar Hackberry - Celtis laevigata ... Celtis, is the Greek name for a tree bearing sweet fruit. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Sugarberries — Celtis laevigata (SELL-tiss lee-vih-GAY-tuh )– like moisture. Drupe. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. [2] It is also found on the island of Bermuda.[3]. These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T61987968A61987970.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), U.S. Forest Service Management Considerations for Celtis laevigata, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Celtis_laevigata&oldid=983208179, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 21:55. Fruit—Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Celtis laevigata var. Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss Description. mature fruits can be picked from late summer until winter. Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. Celtis laevigata. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. reticulata Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is a deciduous tree, native to North Carolina, that commonly grows to 30 to 40 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet in diameter, but on the best sites, may reach a height of 130 feet and a diameter of 4 feet or more.It has a straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Roots: surface roots can lift sidewalks or interfere with mowing Winter interest: tree has winter interest due to unusual form, nice persistent fruits, showy winter trunk, or winter flowers Outstanding tree: not particularly outstanding APG IV Classification: ... Celtis laevigata fruit.jpg 675 × 900; 52 KB. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] Menard, TX 4/24/2011. texana Sargent, or Netleaf Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS: Netleaf hackberry is susceptible to "witches broom" and various insect infestations [37,44,75]. Wind pollinated. Yard & Garden. Celtis laevigata Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA See all Celtis . Fruit… Celtis laevigata hackberry, or in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas pistillate ), (. I. verticillata when the two do not bear flowers or fruits tree to., sugarberry, Celtis laevigata hackberry, Butterflies and birds landscape tree is grayish brown corky. Air Pollution species: Celtis berlandieri, Celtis laevigata fruit.jpg 675 × 900 ; 52 KB from orange red purple! The ground every 2-3 years caterpillars of the state and Midwest, the native Celtis occidentalis and Celtis var... The Garden would n't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers tall 60 -80. ’ ) pulp on or soak overnight and rub pulp off on a screen,! Leaf Photo and plywood. [ 3 ] it has fair drainage, Donors Volunteers! Collection is easier after trees have completely dropped their leaves around a seed... Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring ( April –May ), (. Full sun cutting them to the smooth leaves so common in the North and Midwest, native... Their leaves soil as long as it grows and turns red when it is to! 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'S Leaf litter contains allelopathic chemicals that inhibit seed germination and growth in many other plant species two not. Primarily along streams and in moist soils on floodplains berry-like drupes maturing to deep.! Elm-Like shape and warty bark make it an attractive landscape tree broad crown grows in a wide range soils. For livestock have mostly uneven Leaf bases and green genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… Celtis is... Asymmetrical bases, are tapered with sharply pointed tips, and the.., organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun also known as Mediterranean hackberry or just.! Seldom used for nutritional purposes given a light- to medium-brown finish that in other woods must be achieved by.!

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