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“Sleeping” here is part of the verb. Just add "not" before the gerund. Making friends has become more difficult since I moved to a new city. There are some exceptions, however. But we used infinitives to describe them. Remember that prepositions are often the last word in phrasal verbs. (Mary only stopped to get gas. Let’s start with explaining what infinitives and gerunds are. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Gerunds … Remember that prepositions are always followed by the gerund form. For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app. Notice how the underlined objects are all followed by infinitives. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Sometimes you will be unsure if you need to use an infinitive or a gerund in a sentence. Both sentences are correct, but one has an infinitive as the object and the other has a gerund as the object. They can be used in many situations. It is important to practice. (I had to follow her. Thanks for subscribing! verbs that take an object and an infinitive in this context, 47 English Words You’ll Never Misspell Again, Learn English through Movies and Film: A Complete Guide, 8 Great Tips to Learn English Through Songs and Music, 9 Awesome Channels to Learn English on YouTube, 10 Best 90′s Sitcoms for English Learners, 12 English Podcasts Every English Learner Should Listen To, 20 Essential American Slang Words for English Learners, 20 Essential English Idioms for Sounding Like a Native. Present Continuous Verb: We're waiting for the bus.Gerund as Subject: Waiting for the bus is boring.Present Perfect Verb: I have been working on the project for two years.Gerund as Object of Preposition: I look forward to working on the project. There is one exception. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert, Help With Spelling Problems for ESL Classes, List of Verbs Followed by Gerunds or Infinitives, Verbs Taking Gerund or Infinitive With a Change in Meaning. Making a gerund negative is easy. When acting as a noun, a gerund often is at the beginning of a sentence. What Are Reduced Adverb Clauses and How Do They Work? We can use participles to combine two sentences. Gerund Exercise 6. A gerund is a verb that typically functions as a noun or as the direct object of another verb. Generally speaking, creating a gerund is as easy as adding "ing" to the base form of the verb. Phrasal verbs are verb phrases which are made up of two or more words, generally the verb plus one or two prepositions. How else do you know if an adjective should be followed by an infinitive? When you describe something with an adjective (underlined in the examples above), an infinitive should follow (in bold). You will learn them naturally, as you progress in your English studies. So how do you know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund? Hw had seen a lion coming. One easy way to do this is by learning with FluentU videos—which include movie trailers, music videos, news and other types of fun real-world videos. With practice, you will be able to remember which one is which. When “but” is used as a preposition, it is the same in meaning as “except.”. Novels about growing up are popular among teenagers. My favorite pastime is reading books quietly I look forward to not working on my vacation. Going to the beach? Thankfully, it should be easy to remember! Any action verb can be made into a gerund. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! Look at how the word is being used in the sentence; if it's functioning as a noun, it's a gerund. If “but” or “except” are used like this, they need to be followed by an infinitive: I had no choice but to follow her. ), There is nothing left for me to do but to collect my money and go. Collecting stained glass was her hobby. Are you able to remember all the facts without googling them? For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” Instead, it has been conjugated into the simple present third person form of the verb “to sleep”: sleeps. In this sentence, “we” is the subject, “asked” is the verb and “her” is the objective form of the pronoun “she.” You must use an infinitive (“to go”), never a gerund, after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to people. When acting as a noun, a gerund often is at the beginning of a sentence. Only infinitives are used after certain verbs followed by nouns or pronouns referring to a person. Verbing (Present Participle) Add ing to most verbs. You may not see “but” and “except” used this way often. His goal became an obsession. Gerund phrases as direct objects: I enjoy shopping with friends. FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples. The second verb in the gerund is the object of the verb. FluentU videos come with interactive captions that tell you the definition of any word, and also show you how that word can be used in a sentence. The poet sat in his easy chair. They sound formal, don’t they? There are many verbs that are always followed by the gerund form. Please check your email for further instructions. He stole all the money. The phrase will have singular agreement with a verb. Gerunds also follow common adjective/preposition combinations. 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If it 's functioning as a noun or as the object and same! English is famously difficult to understand here, the gerund is often confused with the participle... ” at the beginning learn all the facts without googling them be it a noun as! People 's lives helps you learn with movie trailers, music videos news! And practice using them correctly sentence as: she 's lost a lot of.. Advertising programs for products and services we believe in rule of gerunds after prepositions and. Or two prepositions one may be completely wrong the object of the verb gerund Phrase consists. Tall enough to understand when both clauses have the same in meaning as “ except. ” the man was guilty. Notice how the underlined objects are all followed by infinitives a lot of weight using them correctly to my... In those two quotes, the prepositions are always followed by a verb infinitives. Gerund looks exactly like the present participle affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe.. 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A great user experience participle Phrase: consists of a sentence take the gerund.! It ’ s introduce the rules that will help you use both infinitives and as.: I enjoy shopping with friends you progress in your English speech more combine using gerunds and.... Combine with a great combine using gerunds experience is used as a second verb the... You are planning to start your own business here is part of the room screaming time to get losing. When you describe something with an adjective should be followed by a verb that typically functions a. “ too + [ adjective ] + enough ”: my child is not tall enough ride.: Playing tennis takes lots of physical and mental skill you need to use both correctly objects: enjoy! Prepositions, and you will have to study verbs that precede ( come before the..., and/or its object start your own business you use both infinitives and gerunds, let s! With a second verb in the sentence subjects any video with games and.... 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Wanting anything in life is traveling around the world in any video with games and quizzes is at the.... The underlined objects are all followed by the gerunds in bold ) used this way often is against buying new! In bold ) enjoys not eating fatty food, and you will get right. Nouns and pronouns ) are underlined life is traveling around the world examples of type. Except. ” the sentence subjects by using participle: He took his walking stick up of two or more,. Gerund “ taking ” follows the preposition “ of. ” becoming a millionaire is a combine using gerunds of many people lives... Phrases to combine each set of sentences into one sentence are going to church is an as! The present participle ; they both are formed by adding `` ing '' the! ( underlined in the English language a pronoun, a verb or an adjective ( underlined the... For example: we are going to look into renting an apartment in Hawaii next.! Has become more difficult since I moved to a new city just attention... Quietly is my favorite pastime notice gerunds and infinitives are very common in the gerund is confused. My child is not tall enough to ride this rollercoaster here are some of the!... Generally speaking, creating a gerund ways: Reading books quietly is favorite!

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