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Posted at November 7, 2020

Temperatures below 25 F will kill stem tissue too, so -- with the exception of a few of the more obscure species -- geraniums usually won't survive a hard freeze. The types most often sold commercially are known as Viola × wittrockiana or by the older name, Viola tricolor var. Growing 6 to 8 inches tall, pansies are ideal for container gardens or mass plantings around trees or along garden walkways. The spores can be seen with the aid of a 15-20x magnifying glass, hand lens, or microscope. The roots cannot absorb water from the frozen soil. Temperatures that dip to 25 degrees will likely damage the flowers on pansies. temperature, mulches help prevent weeds from germinating! Pansies are a form of cultivated, hybridized violet, noted for their large multi-colored flat flowers and their fondness cool temperatures. This publication provides guidelines for the planting and care of pansies to ensure success, including planting time, bed preparation, plant spacing, planting procedures, fertilization, freeze protection, and common insect and disease problems. When soil temperatures drop below 45º F, pansy roots shut down, which means above-ground growth and flowering grinds to a halt. When temps fall below 10 degrees for several hours, this is extreme cold for Pansies and Violas. This is usually most apparent in shady beds and northern exposure settings. What is the lowest temperature Pansies can tolerate? Aim to get winter pansies in the ground a few weeks before soil temperatures hit that 45º F mark. Plants remain alive and can rebound when soil temperatures shift. David Goforth of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension says pansies can survive up to eight hours at 10 F. Longer periods of very cold temperatures will kill them. In northern regions with cool summers, they’re planted in spring and may flower all season long, until a freeze in late fall kills the plants. They may even survive a hard freeze, which is 28 F. Both snapdragons and pansies can survive short periods of 20 F weather, but they will probably suffer frost damage. After germination, keep the temperature as low as you can. If you intend to use yours as winter houseplants, avoid damage by moving or covering them whenever temperatures are slated to fall below 29 F. The black discoloration is due to fungal spores within the root. Pansies come in a wide assortment of colors and bi-colors, many with super cute face patterns on the petals. Between 50 and 65 degrees is ideal, but room temperature is acceptable. The disease can be especially destructive during late summer months when temperatures are high and when the substrate pH is higher than 6.0. Frozen soil and drying winds can kill the … Happy gardening! In hot-summer/mild-winter climates, pansies are often planted in fall, and they’ll bloom all winter into spring, until rising temperatures cause the plants to flag. 2019 Note: I posted my 2019 list of Winter Kill Temperatures of Cold-Hardy Vegetables on April 30, 2019 March 2020 Update: Click the link. A good 2 to 4 inch layer of mulch (pinebark, pinestraw, or shredded hardwood bark) should help make for health, happy pansies. Here’s the long version of one of the slideshows I presented on January 13 at the Future Harvest CASA conference.Since I got home, I updated my Winter-Kill Temperatures list, which appears in the slideshow. Pansies are a symbol of love and affectionate thoughts (their name is thought to derive from the French word for thought). In Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the juice of a pansy was used in a love potion, referencing the Ancient Greeks’ and Celts’ use of the flower in herbal remedies and love potions. 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