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Diogenes of Sinope was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy. J.-C.). He was in the habit of doing everything in public, whether in respect of Venus or Ceres; and he used to put his conclusions in this way to people: `If there is nothing absurd in dining, then it is not absurd to dine in the market-place. There is no information on his early life except that his father’s name was Hicesias who was a banker by profession. The meeting of Diogenes of Sinope and Alexander the Great is one of the most discussed anecdotes from philosophical history. Strengths And Weaknesses Of Cynicism 774 Words | 4 Pages. », Émile Chambry, Émeline Marquis, Alain Billault et Dominique Goust (, Vies, doctrines et sentences des philosophes illustres, http://www.apophtegme.com/PHILOSOPHIE/diogene.htm, Inscription sur la statue de bronze qui lui a été érigée, Vies et doctrines des philosophes illustres, France Culture - Une vie, une œuvre : Diogène (avec Léonce Paquet et Michel Onfray), Réseau des bibliothèques de Suisse occidentale, Fondation Richard Dawkins pour la raison et la science, Union internationale humaniste et éthique, De la suffisance de la religion naturelle, Lettre sur les aveugles à l'usage de ceux qui voient, Liste d'auteurs de littérature grecque moderne, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Diogène_de_Sinope&oldid=175810786, Personnage cité dans la Divine Comédie (Enfer), Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Philosophie antique/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Culture et arts, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence, Michel Onfray, « Les Sagesses antiques », dans. ISBN 0-313-30672-9. Noté /5. » (parfois traduit « Je cherche l'homme » ou « Je cherche un vrai homme »). He went to Athens with his slave Manes. Many versions of it exist. Exiled from his native city for defacing the currency, he moved to Athens and declared himself a cosmopolitan (in defiance of the prevailing city-state system). Les apostrophes les plus connues qui lui sont attribuées sont : Diogène est le fils d'Ikésios, banquier de Sinope. Diogenes came to Athens where he met Antisthenes who at first refused him as a student but, eventually, was worn down by his persistence and accepted him. He is credited as being one of the founders of cynicism and practiced these ideals through the eccentricities that filled his life. I am a citizen of the world. Even the claim that he was Antisthenes' student has been challenged as a fable. Plusieurs anecdotes témoignent de son mépris des richesses et des conventions sociales. Po vyhnání odešel Díogenés do Athén, kde se připojil k posluchačům filosofa Antisthena, domyslel zásady do krajních důsledků a řídil se jimi ve skutečném životě.Antisthenés jej zpočátku odháněl holí, ale Díogenés mu nastavil hlavu a řekl: „Nenalezneš dost tvrdého dřeva, abys mě s ním odehnal.“ Within the Greek philosophers, we have many well-known ones, such as Aristotle, Plato, Socrates and so on. Read all poems of Diogenes of Sinope and infos about Diogenes of Sinope. But Eubulides, in his essay on Diogenes, says, that it was Diogenes himself who did this, and that he was banished with his father. Selon Diogène Laërce, il n'hésitait pas à mendier auprès des statues afin de « s'habituer au refus ». Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. The most popular relate it as evidence of Diogenes' disregard for honor, wealth, and respect. ', and 'Of what use is a philosopher who doesn't hurt anybody's feelings?' It is not that I am mad, it is only that my head is different from yours. ISBN 978-0-8018-9385-8. This behavior of Diogenes was informed in part by the belief that if an act is not shameful in private then it should not be shameful in public. Mais ta renommée, Diogène, l'éternité ne la détruira point. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 22 octobre 2020 à 14:00. His father minted coins for a living, and when Diogenes took to debasement of currency, he was banished from Sinope. Diogenes of Sinope: A Study of Greek Cynicism. Following is a corpus of quotes and sayings by Diogenes Of Sinope on foundation, youth, education, mother, ignorance, lead, music, sound, hurt, feelings, vine, friends, freedom, soul etc which are till date quoted extensively. Most of these are common knowledge yet many are forgotten by the normal people. Diogène de Sinope, en grec ancien Διογένης ὁ Σινωπεύς / Diogénês ho Sinopeús, également appelé Diogène le cynique, est un philosophe grec de l'Antiquité et le plus célèbre représentant de l'école cynique (Sinope v. 413 – Corinthe, v. 327 av. It is unlikely, however, that Diogenes cared very much for the cask or what state it was in; to him, possessions were a trap. Diogenes of Sinope is undoubtedly the most well-known Cynic philosopher from antiquity. This was in reference to the prohibition on eating in the Agora (the public market) which, like all such prohibitions, Diogenes ignored. — N'as-tu pas peur de moi ? Sign in to disable ALL ads. Conformément à l'enseignement de son maître, il désirait vivre et se présentait comme un chien — kunos, génitif de kuôn, terme qui signifie « chien » en grec ancien (cf. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. He is elderly, barefoot, and wearing only a simple, tattered robe. — Un bien. Diogenes of Sinope strived for a life of humbleness, straying from wealth and social rank, rather aiming to counter the social philosophies, thus making him a hero. As Diogenes Laertius writes. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Plutarch and Diogenes Laërtius report that Alexander and Diogenes died on the same day, in 323 BC. According to one story, Diogenes went to the Oracle at Delphi to ask for its advice and was told that he should "deface the currency". Ce fut la sauvage morsure d’un chien. Il lui survécut et ne vit pas d'utilité à se trouver un autre maître. Alors que beaucoup d'hommes l'entouraient, il s'enveloppa de son manteau et, portant la viande à sa bouche, il dit "C'est pour vous que je risque ma vie, que je cours ce danger". Diogenes of Sinope: The dogged Philosopher. He was one of the founders (and the archetypical practitioner ) of the ancient Greek philosophical school of Cynicism . Today’s labels for Diogenes would most likely include; Fanatic, extremist, bigot, activist, anarchist and yes, lunatic! Quotations by Diogenes, Greek Philosopher, Born 412 BC. Selon une tradition qui remonte à Dioclès de Magnésie, à la suite d'une accusation de fabrication de fausse monnaie[3], son père aurait été jeté en prison et Diogène contraint de fuir à Athènes. He was a citizen of Sinope who either fled or was exiled because of a problem involving the defacing of currency. Shea, Louisa (2010). Get out of my sunlight." He is also known as Diogenes the Cynic. Diogenes of Sinope. Born into an affluent family, his father, Tresius, a rich money-lender, owned the local mint, Diogenes was exiled from Sinope for debasement of currency (Issuing coins of a certain face value, but with less metal content than previous issues). Et le sentier de l'existence heureuse le plus facile à parcourir. He took up residence in a large wine cask (some sources claim it was an abandoned bathtub), owned nothing, and seems to have lived off the charity of others. Diogenes was a philosopher unlike many of the others. Mark, Joshua J. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Il est contemporain de Philippe II de Macédoine, qui le fit prisonnier après la bataille de Chéronée, et de son fils Alexandre. Diogenes of Sinope. Also known as Diogenes the Cynic, he was born in Sinope (modern-day Sinop, Turkey), an Ionian colony on the Black Sea, in 412 or 404 BC and died at Corinth in 323 BC. Découvrez des commentaires utiles de client et des classements de commentaires pour Diogenes of Sinope - Life and Legend, 2nd Edition: Handbook of Source Material sur Amazon.fr. Diogenes in Search of an Honest Manby Wikipedia User: AndreasPraefcke (Public Domain). To be truly free, and live a virtuous life of complete awareness, was the ultimate meaning of one's existence. External links There is no information on his early life except that his father’s name was Hicesias who was a banker by profession. Last modified August 02, 2014. Diogenes of Sinope was always controversial. Le stoïcien Épictète voit en lui le modèle du sage, qui cherche à s'affranchir des conventions des hommes pour revenir à la nature. diogenes_of_sinope:basil_of_caesarea_letter_4. He was most likely a student of the philosopher Antisthenes (445-365 BCE) and, in the words of Plato (allegedly), was “A Socrates gone mad.” He was driven into exile from his native city of Sinope for defacing currency (though some sources say it was his father who committed the crime and Diogenes simply followed him into exile). Parmi tous les auteurs cyniques, c'est sur Diogène que la légende a accumulé le plus d'anecdotes et de mots d’esprit, issus notamment de l'ouvrage de Diogène Laërce Vies, doctrines et sentences des philosophes illustres qui relève du genre littéraire de la chrie[1], cette foison rendant leur authenticité douteuse. ». C'est à Corinthe, où il résidait quand il n’était pas à Athènes, qu'est située la fameuse rencontre du vieux clochard-philosophe avec le jeune roi de Macédoine, Alexandre le Grand. Joshua J action for unlawful ejectment l'on raconte de Diogène peuvent ne pas être authentiques Cave... 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