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Posted at November 7, 2020

Help power unparalleled conservation work for birds across the Americas, Stay informed on important news about birds and their habitats, Receive reduced or free admission across our network of centers and sanctuaries, Access a free guide of more than 800 species of North American birds, Discover the impacts of climate change on birds and their habitats, Learn more about the birds you love through audio clips, stunning photography, and in-depth text. Wingspan: 19.3 – 20.5 in. However, this adult male had the field marks of a Red-naped Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis). It’s characterized by striking dark red hues on its feathers, especially on its underparts. The key to finding a Red-naped Sapsucker is to look for tiny holes drilled into trees, especially in aspen stands surrounded by willows in the Rocky Mountains. Audubon’s scientists have used 140 million bird observations and sophisticated climate models to project how climate change will affect this bird’s range in the future. True to their name, and like other sapsuckers, they drill holes in trees and eat the sap as well as insects attracted to it. Very similar to Yellow-bellied Sapsucker, and for most of the 20th century it was considered only a subspecies of that bird. Courtship displays include pointing bill up to show off colored throat patch; ritualized tapping at nest site. Both sexes help excavate. Stage Road, Pescadero, San Mateo County, California. Red-naped Sapsucker Pecks at Tree Trunk Slow Motion. Stage Road, Pescadero, San Mateo County, California. Adult males have a red throat patch; for females, the lower part of the throat is red, the upper part white. [12] Adults have a black head with a red forehead, white stripes, and a red spot on the nape; they have a white lower belly and rump. Includes insects, tree sap, fruit. Audubon protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow. Favors live trees affected by heartwood decay fungus, which softens heartwood while leaving outer part of trunk firm, but will also nest in dead or dying conifers. [7] The specific name nuchalis is a modern Latin word meaning "of the nape". [2] It has no subspecies. White. Incubation is by both sexes (with male incubating at night and part of day), 10-13 days. Berries and fruits are eaten at all seasons, and birds may concentrate in fruiting wild trees in winter. The eggs are incubated for 12–13 days and the young are able to fly and leave the nest after 25–29 days of hatching.[14]. 44 Perfect Gifts for the Bird and Nature Lovers in Your Life, How the Evening Grosbeak Got Its Misleading Name. First described by Spencer Fullerton Baird in 1858, it was initially thought to be a subspecies of the yellow-bellied sapsucker. Also regularly feeds on tree sap, and on berries and fruits. Feeds on a wide variety of insects, including many ants (taken from tree trunks). The same climate change-driven threats that put birds at risk will affect other wildlife and people, too. Even if you don't hear them calling or drumming, the neat rows of holes are a good clue the birds are around. Woodlands, aspen groves; in winter, also other trees. This opens in a new window. [15] Most (68%) nest trees were live and 75% had broken tops. Red-naped sapsuckers typically lay 3–7 white eggs. They have a yellow breast and upper belly. Learn more about these drawings. Illustration © David Allen Sibley. [3] However, there are significant genetic differences between this species and the yellow-bellied sapsucker,[4] and the American Ornithologists' Union recognized it as a distinct species in the seventh edition of its North American birds checklist, published in 1998. During migration and winter it occurs in both mountains and lowlands, in deciduous trees, riverside willow groves, pine-oak woods, orchards. Visit your local Audubon center, join a chapter, or help save birds with your state program. Spread the word. Habitat: They love trees almost anywhere in the western US. Parents teach young the sapsucking habit, feed them for about 10 days after they leave nest. Speak out against the Yazoo Backwater Pumps which would drain 200,000 acres of crucial bird habitat. A western bird, common in the Rocky Mountain and Great Basin regions. Long thought to be a subspecies of the yellow-bellied sapsucker, it is now known to be a distinct species. The red-naped sapsucker is a medium-sized woodpecker,[11] measuring 19–21 cm (7.5–8.3 in) long and weighing 32–66 g (1.1–2.3 oz). Heart-wood decay is reported to infect the roots of most aspens that red-naped sapsuckers choose to excavate for nesting. Red-naped Sapsuckers breed in mixed forests of willow, aspen, birch, ponderosa pine, juniper, or Douglas-fir. [5] Genetic analysis has shown that the red-naped sapsucker is a sister species with (and very closely related to) the red-breasted sapsucker, and that these two species form a superspecies with the yellow-bellied sapsucker. Zoom in to see how this species’s current range will shift, expand, and contract under increased global temperatures. True to their name, and like other sapsuckers, they drill holes in trees and eat the sap as well as insects attracted to it. A very close relative of the Yellow-bellied and Red-naped sapsuckers, replacing them on the Pacific slope. Photo: Dick Dickinson/Audubon Photography Awards, Adult male. Lives of North American Birds. Drills tiny holes in tree bark, usually in neatly spaced rows, and then returns to them periodically to feed on the sap that oozes out. A western bird, common in the Rocky Mountain and Great Basin regions. It’s the least you can do. Our email newsletter shares the latest programs and initiatives. Are the Trump Administration's Environmental Rollbacks Built to Last? They are black on the back and wings with white bars; they have a large white wing patch. Lewis’s Woodpecker is among the uncommon woodpeckers that you can find in Idaho. A short-distance migrant, wintering from the southern edge of the breeding range south into Mexico. Catalog # 1449 was labeled as a Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius). Often uses same tree in consecutive years, sometimes same nest hole. 24 October 2020. The red-naped sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis) is a medium-sized North American woodpecker. The red-naped sapsucker is one of four North American woodpeckers in the genus Sphyrapicus. Seldom strays any distance east or west of main range. Legal Notices Privacy Policy Contact Us. Photo: Howard Arndt/Audubon Photography Awards, Great Egret. They tend to avoid oak or pine-oak forests during the breeding season, but use them during migration and winter, along with orchards and woodlands near streams. To provide habitat and foraging for woodpeckers, forest management objectives on public land include snag and live tree retention. [6], The genus name Sphyrapicus is a combination of the Greek words sphura, meaning "hammer" and pikos, meaning "woodpecker". This is a different bird from the one reported here on 13 October which had much more extensive red on the head and face. Let us send you the latest in bird and conservation news. During migration and winter it occurs in both mountains and lowlands, in deciduous trees, riverside willow groves, pine-oak woods, orchards. This specimen was collected in Coahuila, Mexico in 1940. These birds migrate south and vacate areas at higher elevations. Nest site is cavity in tree, usually deciduous tree such as aspen or poplar, 6-60' above ground. The red naped sapsucker (Sphyrapicus nuchalis) is a north american woodpecker with a red nape and upper throat, lower part of throat is black it has a pale yellow belly, white wing patches, and a mix of black and white on wings/back. Other species which nest in tree cavities reuse nests formerly used by these birds. Or take action immediately with one of our current campaigns below: The Audubon Bird Guide is a free and complete field guide to more than 800 species of North American birds, right in your pocket. They sometimes catch insects in flight; they also eat seeds and berries. "All About Birds: Red-naped Sapsucker Identification", "All About Birds: Red-naped Sapsucker Life History", "Evaluating habitat sustainability using relative abundance and fledging success of Red-naped Sapuckers", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Red-naped_sapsucker&oldid=987134770, Native birds of the Western United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 November 2020, at 03:41. While these two species can be problematic in the field, adult males in the hand can normally be easily identified. Has suffered some loss of habitat, but still common and widespread. Sapsucker sp. Numerous studies have shown woodpeckers will readily nest in logged areas as long as some stands are left standing. We protect birds and the places they need. Notes: Overwhelmed and Understaffed, Our National Wildlife Refuges Need Help. The National Audubon Society protects birds and the places they need, today and tomorrow, throughout the Americas using science, advocacy, education, and on-the-ground conservation. Photo: M. Leonard Photography/iStock. Young leave nest 25-29 days after hatching. Their breeding habitat is mixed forests in the Rocky Mountains and Great Basin areas of North America. In summer mostly in mountains in mixed coniferous and deciduous forest, especially around aspens. Type in your search and hit Enter on desktop or hit Go on mobile device. It was considered to belong to the same species for some time, so differences in behavior have not been studied much until recently. They sometimes catch insects in flight; they also eat seeds and berries. 1 brood per year. In a different kind of big year, a Seattle woman set out to capture each of the state's birds and their various habitats. Both parents feed young, bringing them insects, sap, and fruit. 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