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2:1 Now these are the people of the province who came up out of the captivity of the exiles whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon, and returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his city. 21:25 In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes. Esther provides a fitting picture of Christ in that she was willing to put herself in the place of death for her people’s salvation and also in that she acted as an advocate for them. Do not tremble or be dismayed, for the Lord your God is with you wherever you go. 12:6; John 2:19; and Revelation 21:22). There the husband and his two sons died, leaving the mother (Naomi) alone with her two daughters-in-law (Orpah and Ruth). And he was probably a Jew. Elisha supplemented this by demonstrating God’s grace, love and tenderness. The two kingdoms collapsed because of the failure of the kings to rule righteously and give heed to God’s truth. The second section of the Old Testament is known as the Historical Books of the Bible. The clamor for an earthly king in First Samuel was a natural outcome of this practical rejection (8:7). 2:9-10). The people enthusiastically began rebuilding the temple, but were delayed for 18 years by enemies from the north. 13:8; Deut. Chapters 7-10 tell about the return of the priest Ezra who taught the people the law and reformed the nation’s spiritual life. This would militate against the idea that the two books were originally one, for it would seem strange to repeat the same list in one volume. 13 He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. But Saul was rejected by God because of his disobedience. 15 And if it is disagreeable in your sight to serve the Lord, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord. When the Sun Sets: Jacob Meets God (Gen. 27:41-28:22), Jacob: When God Turns Darkness into Dawn (Expository Sermons On O.T. The lists in Ezra 2 and Nehemiah 7 are basically the same. Historical Books, number 12, from Joshua to Esther. In Kings the focus is on the political history while in Chronicles the focus is on the religious or spiritual element of Israel’s history. Therefore, it devotes extended sections to the lives of those kings who brought revival and reform to the nation like Asa, Jehoshaphat, Joash, Hezekiah, and Josiah. You have acted foolishly in this. This is unlikely, however, since the author of Ruth mentions David, and Samuel died before David’s coronation (4:17, 22). It includes the Former Prophets from the Nevi'im and two of the ungrouped books of Ketuvim of the Hebrew Bible together with the Book of Ruth and the Book of Esther which in the Hebrew are both found in the Five Megillot. The historical books of the Old Testament are not related to the New Testament historical books (the four Gospels and Acts), which rather than the Israelites focus on the life of Jesus Christ and the early history of the Catholic Church. For the next century, the book of First Kings traces the twin histories of two sets of kings and two nations of disobedient people who are growing indifferent to God’s prophets and precepts.10. Though the books of 1 and 2 Chronicles cover the same period of Jewish history, the perspective is very different. Here, in answer to their request, Samuel is told by the Lord to appoint them a king and the prophet assumes his role of becoming a king-maker. Though originally one book, 1 and 2 Samuel were divided into two books by the translators of the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the OT). When God picked Abraham to lead His people, He promised Abraham a certain amount of land in Canaan. It is God’s commentary on the spiritual characteristics of David’s dynasty. had taken place when 1 and 2 Kings were written; had it occurred, the author would probably have referred to it. Messiah is literally “the anointed one” and Samuel is the first biblical book to use the word anointed (2:10). 9 John F. Walvoord, Roy B. Zuck, Editors, The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Victor Books, Wheaton, 1983,1985, electronic media. Naomi decided to move back to Israel and Ruth insisted on returning with her. The welfare of the nation depended on the faithfulness of its leadership and people to the covenants of God with Israel. 19 John F. Walvoord, Roy B. Zuck, Editors, The Bible Knowledge Commentary, Victor Books, Wheaton, 1983,1985, electronic media. In the last chapters of 1 Kings, the focus is on the evil of King Ahab and righteous prophet Elijah who condemned Ahab’s wickedness and Israel’s disobedience. Nehemiah surely portrays Christ in willingness to leave his high position in order to bring about His work of restoration. The goel must: 1. be a blood relative (a kinsman) of those he redeems (Deut. As Ryrie points out: Whoever the author or compiler of these books was, he used historical sources (11:41; 14:19, 29). Judges easily divides into three sections: Deterioration (1:1-3:4), Deliverance (3:5-16:31), and Depravity (17:1-21:25). With every man doing that which was right in his own eyes (21:25), the nation needed the leadership of a righteous king. David’s fame and victory over the Philistines (14:1-17), 3. 7:10 For Ezra had set his heart to study the law of the LORD, and to practice it, and to teach His statutes and ordinances in Israel. Contents: Brief information about the historical books of the Bible. 2000 - Originally, the earliest Scriptures are handed down from generation to generation orally. While the key word is “kingdom,” which occurs some 357 times (NASB), the key concept is the division of the kingdom. A. David, the Shepherd, Chosen and Anointed (16:1-23), B. David, the Giant Killer, Acclaimed by the Court of Saul (17:1-58), C. David, the Friend of Jonathan, but Rejected by Saul (18:1-19:24), D. David, the Fugitive, Pursued by Saul (20:1-26:25), 4. Evil (14 times), judge, judged, judgment (22 times); Cycles. Circa B.C. 8 Charles Caldwell Ryrie, Ryrie Study Bible, Expanded Edition, Moody, electronic media. At that time it was given the title, “Of Things Omitted,” referring to the things omitted from Samuel and Kings. Some like to divide the book around the seven cycles of apostasy. In Kings the palace is central, but in Chronicles the temple is prominent. 29:29). 1-2), his son Solomon became king. The Surviving Kingdom of Judah (18:1-25:30), E. The Reign of Jehoahaz (2 Chron. Like Ezra, Nehemiah also falls into two specific issues: (1) the rebuilding of the walls (1-7) and the restoration of the people (8-13). It seems unlikely that the return of the Jews from the Babylonian captivity in 538 B.C. 20 And the Lord rejected all the descendants of Israel and afflicted them and gave them into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them out of His sight. 12 Both riches and honor come from Thee, and Thou dost rule over all, and in Thy hand is power and might; and it lies in Thy hand to make great, and to strengthen everyone. The various sources include the prophetic records by Samuel (1 Chron. These two books give the history of the monarchs of Israel in the early period of the monarchy. 11:23 So Joshua took the whole land, according to all that the Lord had spoken to Moses, and Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions by their tribes. Fundamentally, 1 Samuel is about king Saul and 2 Samuel is about king David. the deterioration of the Northern Kingdom. 22 And they observed the Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with joy, for the Lord had caused them to rejoice, and had turned the heart of the king of Assyria toward them to encourage them in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel. Saul consults the medium at En-dor (28:3-25), 3. The beginning of Elisha’s ministry (2:12-25), 3. In the typical fashion of the Bible which candidly tells the story of its leaders with warts and all, 2 Samuel portrays the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly of the life of King David. 43:6-7).8, About 550 B.C. Second Kings teaches that willful sin in a nation has a woeful end. The Restoration: These books describe the return of a remnant to the land after 70 years of captivity (605-536 B.C.). 17:18-23 So the Lord was very angry with Israel, and removed them from His sight; none was left except the tribe of Judah. The Monarchy: These books trace the history of Israel’s monarchy from its establishment to its destruction in 586 B.C. Esther was written sometime between 470 and 465, during the latter years of Xerxes’ reign (see 10:2-3), or in the reign of his son Artaxerxes (464-424). Nehemiah was also written to show the obvious hand of God in the establishment of His people in their homeland in the years after their exile. Elijah was like John the Baptist, thundering the message of repentance for sin. 12:12-14 “‘Indeed you did it secretly, but I will do this thing before all Israel, and under the sun.’” 13 Then David said to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord.” And Nathan said to David, “The Lord also has taken away your sin; you shall not die. I’ve written a one-sentence overview of every book of the Bible. Genesis Summary by Jay Smith. Although the name of God does not appear in this book, the theme and purpose of the book is to show God’s providential care of His people in their trials and persecutions. 17:14-20), but the people insisted on the king of their choice instead of waiting for God’s king. The name Ezra for the title of the first work comes from the major person in the second half of the book, who also appears in chapters 8 and 12 of the Book of Nehemiah.19. Saul’s kingdom gave stabilization to Israel from the time of the judges, but David’s reign brought growth or expansion. That Ezra is the compiler of the book is also supported by the common themes of Ezra and Chronicles as the building and dedication of the temple. Chapter 15 is another key chapter in that it records the transition of kingdom authority from Saul to David because of Saul’s disobedience and self-willed character (cf. Since each judge functioned as a ruler-deliverer, they served as pictures of the Savior in His work as Savior and Lord, the Righteous Deliverer King. The Reign of Jehoram (Joram) in Israel (2:1-8:15), 2. 17 Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. The first section, The Divided Kingdom (1:1-17:41), selectively traces the reign of the kings of both nations until the dispersion of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. The Philistines and the death of Saul (31:1-13). God had intended to give Israel a king (see Gen. 49:10; Deut. With the exception of his sins, David remains a type of Christ as the king of Israel. 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